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黄河变迁对元代开封的影响

作 者: 吴朋飞(著) 邓玉娜(著)

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所属集刊: 城市史研究(第34辑) 在线日期: 2016-09-20
页  数: 15页 阅  读:
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摘 要

元代黄河频繁的决溢改道,在开封城北、东、西走河,破坏了开封地区的农业生产环境,对城市发展产生直接影响。至元二十年(1283)黄河洪水灌进开封外城,至元二十七年(1290)破坏部分城市水道,延祐六年(1319)城北出现护城堤。元代开封城市的发展与宋金相比,有所衰落,“黄河”是其中不可忽视的重要因素。

Abstract

Vicissitudes of Kaifeng City are closely related to the Yellow River. The Yellow River flood frequently broke out and the new channels appeared in the East,West and North of Kaifeng city. The Yellow River flood destroyed the agricultural production environment nearby Kaifengarea and had a direct effect of thecity. The Yellow River flood poured into the outer city of Kaifeng in 1283,and then destroyed part of the city’s channel in 1290,the city’s dam had been constructed in 1319. The urban development in Kaifeng during the Yuan Dynasty has declined a lot if we compared the city with the Song and Jin Dynasty. The Yellow River flood is an important factor of the decline of the Kaifeng city in the Yuan Dynasty.

作者

吴朋飞,河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心。邓玉娜,天津师范大学历史文化学院。

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