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论燕赵文化的美学精神

作 者: 贺志朴(著)

普通
所属集刊: 中国美学(第5辑) 在线日期: 2019-01-24
页  数: 10页 阅  读:
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摘 要

燕赵审美文化中的慷慨悲歌,作为一种文化审美风格,是由地域特征、文化传统和艺术内容共同呈现的。燕赵审美文化在承德地区是京城的“政治——天下”美学的组成部分;在冀南、冀北、冀东分别体现了农耕文明、游牧文明、海洋文明三大板块的特点。这三大板块作为中华文明的主要形式环绕于京城周围,象征和强化了“天下之中”的观念,这是燕赵审美文化不同于其他省份的独特之处。和京城中心以及各文明板块相对应,燕赵大地产生或流传着各具特色的乡土艺术,包括承德的山庄戏剧,冀南的舞狮、拉花、豫剧,冀北的二人台,冀东的评剧、武术艺术,等等,它们共同的精神内容是慷慨悲歌。在当今现代性的文化语境中,燕赵美学精神应该实现创造性的转换,使之在社会文明建设中焕发新的光彩。

Abstract

The songs and poems of tragic heroism, as cultural aesthetics of Yanzhao, are collectively represented by its regional characteristics, cultural traditions and arts.The aesthetics of Yanzhao from Chengde is a building block of the capital's political and nationwide aesthetics.The aesthetics in the south, north and east part of Hebei reflects the agricultural, nomadic and maritime civilization respectively.As the main form of Chinese civilization, these aesthetics surround the capital city, symbolizing and reinforcing the content of “the center of land under the sun” Which differentiates the aesthetics of Yanzhao from aesthetics in other provinces. Corresponding with the capital center and other culthre plates, all these forms of civilization produce and nourish differentiated local arts, including the mountain theatre in Chengde, the lion dance, the Yangge dance, the Yu Opera in south Hebei, the song-and-dance duet in north Hebei, the Pingju opera and martial arts in east Hebei.The spirit they shared in common is tragic heroism.In current cultural context, the aesthetics of Yanzhao should be transformed creativity so that it can be more attractive in the social civilization construction.

作者

贺志朴,河北大学艺术学院教授。

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